The hottest methanol enterprises are responsible f

2022-08-24
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In the face of the damage caused by low-cost dumping of foreign petrochemical products, enterprises should pay attention to timely filing anti-dumping investigations to protect their rights and interests. Government departments should also simplify the filing procedures, speed up the filing speed, and impact the brittleness transition temperature of the testing machine to provide timely protection for the damaged industry

from polyvinyl alcohol, spandex to petroleum pipes, China's petroleum and petrochemical industry has repeatedly become the "protagonist" of foreign anti-dumping litigation. Facing the unreasonable competitive behavior of foreign enterprises dumping at low prices, China has also raised the "sword" of anti-dumping. On June 24, the Ministry of Commerce issued announcement No. 35 of 2009, deciding to investigate the dumping and dumping margin of imported methanol originating in Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Indonesia and New Zealand, as well as the damage and degree of damage to the methanol industry in mainland China

"China's initiation of anti-dumping investigation is an effective means to deal with trade protection." Professor Liu Yuanchun, deputy dean of the school of economics of Renmin University of China, said. It is reported that under normal circumstances, the anti-dumping investigation should be completed within one year, that is, before June 24, 2010. Under special circumstances, it can be extended to December 24, 2010

low price dumping

in 2006, China surpassed Trinidad and Tobago to become the world's largest methanol producer. In the same year, China surpassed the United States to become the world's largest methanol consumer for the first time. According to the statistics of China Nitrogen Fertilizer Industry Association, China imported 1.434 million tons of methanol last year, an increase of 70% year-on-year, reaching the highest value since 2003. Since this year, the import of methanol has soared rapidly, reaching 2.247 million tons from January to April, an increase of 838.3% year-on-year

while the import volume increases rapidly, the rotation center of the swing arm is connected to the input shaft of the gear set; The mandrel of the tooling is connected with the output shaft of the gear set; The fracture detection probe is set at the position of the corresponding tooling, but the domestic methanol output is declining rapidly. From January to April this year, the apparent consumption of domestic methanol increased by 51.5%, but the output of domestic methanol decreased by 11.2% in the first five months

"a large number of low-cost imported methanol is about to 'cripple' the company." Chen Xingliang said helplessly

in fact, this is not the difficulty of Zhejiang Jinju chemical company. It is reported that at present, the production reduction and shutdown of domestic methanol enterprises are serious. "In the first quarter of this year, the average operating rate of methanol enterprises nationwide was only about 30%, and more than 90% of enterprises were in a state of loss, and the amount of loss was further aggravated." Wei Yong, deputy director of the Information Department of China nitrogenous fertilizer association, told that in May, the imported methanol was 650000 tons, accounting for more than 68% of the domestic methanol output

according to the survey, the profits in the first half of 2008 plus the existing working capital, most methanol production enterprises can support for 3 to 6 months. If it takes more than six months, it will face the risk of capital chain rupture, a large number of coal to methanol enterprises will be forced to go bankrupt, employees will be unemployed, and the whole industry will face a survival crisis

according to China's "anti dumping regulations", if the preliminary determination of anti-dumping determines that dumping is established and thus causes damage to the domestic industry, temporary anti-dumping duties can be levied according to the dumping margin, and cash deposits can also be required. If the final determination determines that dumping is established and thus causes damage to the domestic industry, the corresponding anti-dumping duties may be levied according to the dumping margin

"for the currently depressed domestic methanol industry, the anti-dumping investigation will bring certain benefits." Wang Zimin, deputy director of the WTO Office of the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Association, said. Since the Ministry of Commerce established the methanol anti-dumping investigation, it has boosted market confidence to a certain extent, and the methanol market atmosphere in East China has changed greatly. On June 25, stimulated by the good news, the selling price generally held a strong reluctance to sell, pushing the price up slightly

Saudi Arabia has already reacted to China's anti-dumping investigation. Ahmedabdulazizal ohali, the executive president of Saudi international petrochemical company, said on June 27 that China's anti-dumping investigation will certainly have a certain impact on the company's business, but China's business only accounts for 10% - 16% of Saudi international petrochemical exports, and the company's global business will help to remedy this negative impact

he also believes that the methanol trade between Saudi international petrochemical and China has been going on for 3-4 years, during which no major changes have taken place, and the anti-dumping measures taken by China are unfair. According to the latest news, the Saudi export center is currently studying countermeasures and will send people to China for negotiation

actively respond to

in the past anti-dumping war, steel, coal, chemical and other industries were "hardest hit areas". It is reported that the proportion of anti-dumping of chemical products in global anti-dumping cases is generally about 70%

Liu Yuanchun believes that the impact of foreign enterprises under the economic crisis is not entirely a bad thing. "During this period, eliminating those enterprises with backward production capacity and low technology level and taking the opportunity to adjust the industrial structure will promote the development of the whole industry. Only through creative destruction can industrial revitalization be more dynamic."

then, what should Chinese enterprises do if they want to become "gold" after this wave? Zhou Yue, a former WTO expert of the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Association, once said, "in the face of the damage caused by low-cost dumping of foreign petrochemical products to China's petrochemical industry, enterprises should pay attention to timely filing anti-dumping investigations to protect their own rights and interests. Government departments should also simplify the filing procedures, speed up the filing of cases, and set up anti-dumping funds to provide protection for the timely filing of cases, resumption of production, and improvement of competitiveness of damaged industries."

"we suggest that the government increase the import tariff of methanol and implement safeguard measures for methanol enterprises. At the same time, the price of natural gas can be increased to promote the use of dimethyl ether instead of civil gas." The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of economy and trade of Zhejiang Jinju chemical company said

in addition, the National Standardization Administration announced on July 2 that the first product standard of methanol gasoline for vehicles (M85) was officially approved and promulgated, and will be implemented on December 1 this year. Blow molding is to blow the hot parison closed in the mold into hollow products with the help of gas pressure

this will accelerate the use of methanol gasoline and help alleviate the current production and management difficulties faced by China's methanol enterprises

it is reported that just after the announcement of the methanol anti-dumping investigation, the Ministry of commerce immediately issued a preliminary determination announcement, identifying the dumping of adipic acid imported from South Korea, the European Union and the United States. According to the preliminary determination, from June 27, 2009, when importing adipic acid originating from South Korea, the European Union and the United States, import operators should provide corresponding security deposits to the Chinese customs from 5.7% to 35.4% according to the dumping margin of each company determined by the preliminary determination

it can be said that this ruling has given a "shot in the arm" to protect the development of domestic enterprises. With the continuous improvement of the market economy, domestic chemical enterprises now pay more and more attention to anti-dumping. Major domestic methanol industry manufacturers, including Zhejiang Juhua and Shanghai Coking, are among the applicants of this methanol anti-dumping case

it is true that anti-dumping is a right conferred by the law on enterprises, but Wang Zimin said: "in fact, starting legal means is not the best choice, especially in today's high degree of global political and economic relevance. However, since the anti-dumping procedure has been launched, the applicant enterprises should actively cooperate with the relevant departments to do a good job in the investigation." In his view, the most fundamental element to deal with the crisis and dumping is that enterprises should still spare no effort to cultivate their internal skills and improve their competitiveness. Only self-improvement can be fearless

in addition, when most competitors stop production and limit production, it is a good opportunity for powerful enterprises to adjust the market structure and seize market opportunities. At the same time, in response to the financial crisis, the government issued a series of preferential policies, gradually relaxed tax and credit policies, and continuously lowered loan interest, which is the best period to promote project construction, and we should seize policy opportunities

"China imports a large amount of methanol every year, which has caused a huge impact on the domestic market. What is particularly unfavorable is that the situation of domestic methanol overcapacity is worsening." Zhuan sunyuzhu, Vice Minister of methanol Department of Yankuang coal chemical supply and Marketing Co., Ltd., said. It is predicted that by 2015, the production capacity of the domestic methanol industry will reach 40million tons, while the consumption will be about 35million tons, and the product surplus will be about 5million tons

"foreign methanol production enterprises use their resource advantages to export a large number of products to China at low prices, with a clear intention to seize the Chinese market." The relevant person in charge of Zhejiang Jinju Chemical Co., Ltd., a major domestic methanol producer, believes that. The company is also one of the 14 supporting enterprises that filed an anti-dumping application for methanol this time

it is reported that methanol production in the Middle East mainly adopts natural gas production process. The price of natural gas in this region is about 1.026 yuan/cubic meter (including tax). In addition, in order to encourage the development of chemical industry and export, the government also generally gives preferential tax policies, so the actual cost is about 0.8 yuan/cubic meter

Zhejiang Jinju Chemical Co., Ltd. once calculated that if 1000 cubic meters of natural gas is required to produce a ton of methanol, the full production cost of natural gas to methanol is about 1100 ~ 1200 yuan/ton, and the port price of the importer is about 1500 ~ 1600 yuan/ton. China mainly adopts the production process of coal to methanol. According to Zhuan sunyuzhu, the average production cost of the domestic methanol industry is 1850 yuan/ton

as a last resort, under the huge impact of imported methanol, the domestic methanol price has continued to decline since October last year, and has fallen below the production cost of most enterprises by the end of last year, forming a serious price inversion. "The company can't even recover the marginal cost now. As long as it starts, it means a comprehensive loss." Zhejiang Jinju chemical company marketing director Chen Xingliang told

production reduction and shutdown

it is understood that due to the impact of imported methanol dumping, the single alcohol unit with an annual output of 100000 tons in Zhejiang Jinju chemical company has been shut down, and the combined alcohol system with an annual output of 60000 tons has been forced to reduce the load. The original annual production capacity of 150000 tons is now only 120 tons per day, and hundreds of employees of the company have been suspended from work and holidays, causing difficulties in operation

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